Investigation into the provenance of museum collections in connection with the theft, confiscation and sale of objects under duress between 1933 and 1945.

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Nederlands Openluchtmuseum

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Nederlands Openluchtmuseum

Schelmseweg 89 6816 SJ Arnhem www.openluchtmuseum.nl

Investigation results

This museum has 6 objects with a potentially problematic provenance.

Result of this investigation

The present investigation into the origins of the museum various collections builds on previous investigations, published in three reports between 2000 and 2007. The museum notes that the present report confirms the insights gained in those earlier investigations. Investigators consulted internal sources such as annual reports and registration records as well as external sources such as the Dutch ministry of Education, Culture and Science (OCW) archive, SNK (Dutch art property foundation) records and NBI (Netherlands property custodian) records as well as the RKD pictorial database. They also examined the actual objects for inscriptions and contacted former staff and Jewish Historical Museum colleagues.

The museum purchased no items in Germany in the 1930s, or Austria. Many objects were bought after the war, from individuals or at auction. It is almost impossible to investigate these due to the lack of individually identifiable characteristics.

The museum obtained five plates from SNK, all of which appear on the Bureau Herkomt Gezocht website, the origins of which will probably never be established due to the lack of individual identifiable characteristics.

Six paintings by unknown artists obtained directly from SNK in 1947 may have been part of Nazi-owned property confiscated after the war. Investigators were unable to find any further details in SNK records. The provenance of these objects is potentially problematic.

With regard to the period after 1955, investigators found no indication of problematic provenance. The museum has seven items relating to Jewish ritual practice of which five have no individually identifiable characteristics and two were examined by Jewish Historical Museum experts who found no cause to suspect that their provenance was problematic.

Update 

On 2 February 2015 the Restitutions Committee advised the Minister of Education, Culture and Science to reject a claim to the painting Tavern full of people by an anonymous artist. The minister rejected the claim. The painting is the property of the Dutch State, but not part of the NK collection, and is still in the Netherlands Open Air Museum. Read more about this at http://www.restitutiecommissie.nl/en/recommendations/recommendation_rc_1148.html

Information from previous research (report Museum Acquisitions 1940-1948)

View reaction of Nederlands Openluchtmuseum in the report Museale acquisitions 1940-1948 which was published in 1999 in response to the previous museum research.

About this museum and its collection

Founded in 1912, Netherlands Open-Air Museum features buildings and objects relating to the way people lived in the past. Its collection of around 170,000 objects includes furniture, prints, photos, farm carts, local costumes, domestic textiles and toys.

Objects

Tavern full of People

Tavern full of People

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous (Netherlands) (follower of David Teniers II)
Title
Tavern full of People
Year
18th century
Technique
Oil on canvas
Size
71,5 x 60 cm
Inventorynumber
NOM 7099-47
Category
Paintings
Museum
Nederlands Openluchtmuseum

Investigation results

Conclusion

Who owned this painting before it passed to Nederlands Beheersinstituut is not known.

Explanation

The painting may have been part of property...

more information

Marine View

Marine View

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous (Netherlands)
Title
Marine View
Year
19th century
Technique
Oil on canvas
Size
46,5 x 63 cm
Inventorynumber
NOM. 7096-47
Category
Paintings
Museum
Nederlands Openluchtmuseum

Investigation results

Conclusion

Who owned this painting before it passed to Nederlands Beheersinstituut is not known.

Explanation

The painting may have been part of property...

more information

Three Men Drinking in an Interior

Three Men Drinking in an Interior

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous (Netherlands) (derived from a work by Adriaen van Ostade)
Title
Three Men Drinking in an Interior
Year
19th century
Technique
Oil on panel
Size
18 x 27 cm
Inventorynumber
NOM. 7097-47
Category
Paintings
Museum
Nederlands Openluchtmuseum

Investigation results

Conclusion

Who owned this painting before it passed to Nederlands Beheersinstituut is not known.

Explanation

The painting may have been part of property...

more information

Hunters on the Heath

Hunters on the Heath

Artist/ Creator
Andreas Schelfhout
Title
Hunters on the Heath
Year
1853
Technique
Oil on panel
Size
18 x 22,2 cm
Inventorynumber
NOM. 6822-47
Category
Paintings
Museum
Nederlands Openluchtmuseum

Investigation results

Conclusion

Who owned this painting before it passed to Nederlands Beheersinstituut is not known.

Explanation

The painting may have been part of property...

more information

Three Horses in a Stable

Three Horses in a Stable

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous (Netherlands) (possibly after Pieter van Bloemen)
Title
Three Horses in a Stable
Year
19th century
Technique
Oil on canvas
Size
42,5 x 51,5 cm
Inventorynumber
NOM. 7098-47
Category
Paintings
Museum
Nederlands Openluchtmuseum

Investigation results

Conclusion

Who owned this painting before it passed to Nederlands Beheersinstituut is not known.

Explanation

The painting may have been part of property...

more information

Winter Landscape

Winter Landscape

Artist/ Creator
Jacob Jan Spohler (circle) or Andreas Schelfhout (circle)
Title
Winter Landscape
Year
19th century
Technique
Oil on panel
Size
18 x 27 cm
Inventorynumber
NOM. 6823-47
Category
Paintings
Museum
Nederlands Openluchtmuseum

Investigation results

Conclusion

Who owned this painting before it passed to Nederlands Beheersinstituut is not known.

Explanation

The painting may have been part of property...

more information