Investigation into the provenance of museum collections in connection with the theft, confiscation and sale of objects under duress between 1933 and 1945.

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Jewish ritual objects

13 objects


Funeral bowl

Funeral bowl

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous (Germany)
Title
Funeral bowl
Year
c. 1750 – circa 1800
Technique
Copper
Size
l. 12 x b. 24 x d. 17 cm
Inventorynumber
00242
Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Joods Historisch Museum

Investigation results

Conclusion

No information is available regarding who owned this bowl before it was acquired by the museum after the war.

Explanation

A Hebrew inscription...

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Chanukiah

Chanukiah

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Chanukiah
Year
1900 - 1940
Technique
Brass
Size
20 x 25 cm, Ø voet 10,5 cm
Inventorynumber
51801
Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Westfries Museum

Investigation results

Conclusion

How this candelabrum was acquired by Avenhorn’s Dutch Reformed church and who the previous owner was is no longer...

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Esther scroll

Esther scroll

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Esther scroll
Year
19th century
Technique
Parchment and wood
Size
l. 41 cm, Ø 4,5 cm
Inventorynumber
2063
Description

Parchment with text wound on a wooden stave

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This Esther scroll was entrusted with the museum for safekeeping by Louis de Beer, the shamash (caretaker) of the local synagogue; the scroll belonged to Culemborg...

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Esther scroll

Esther scroll

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Esther scroll
Year
19th century
Technique
Parchment and wood
Size
l. 47 cm, Ø 6,3 cm
Inventorynumber
2064
Description

Parchment with cloth backing, wound on a turned wooden stave.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This Esther scroll was entrusted with the museum for safekeeping by Louis de Beer, the shamash (caretaker) of the local synagogue; the scroll belonged to Culemborg...

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Esther scroll

Esther scroll

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Esther scroll
Year
19th century
Technique
Parchment and wood
Size
l. 31,5 cm, Ø 6,3 cm
Inventorynumber
2068
Description

Esther scroll with silk backing, in a cylinder decorated with red, yellow and black ribbon (colours of Culemborg city).

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This Esther scroll was entrusted with the museum for safekeeping by Louis de Beer, the shamash (caretaker) of the local synagogue; the scroll belonged to Culemborg...

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Esther scroll with case in a wooden cabinet

Esther scroll with case in a wooden cabinet

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Esther scroll with case in a wooden cabinet
Year
Unknown, before 1943
Technique
Card
Size
l. 19,5 x b. 3,5 x d. 3,5 cm
Inventorynumber
3698-1 a/c
Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Tropenmuseum

Investigation results

Conclusion

The identity of the Jewish owner who gave this Esther scroll to P. Brommer during the war is no longer known.

Explanation

P. Brommer gave this...

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Font with basin

Font with basin

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Font with basin
Year
1800 - 1899
Technique
Wood, zinc (basin), metal (faucet)
Size
l. 144 x b. 60 x d. 230 cm, Ø fontein 83 cm
Inventorynumber
13453.a-b
Description

This font was for washing hands.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Westfries Museum

Investigation results

Conclusion

Who owned this Jewish ritual object before it was acquired by Zuiderzeemuseum is no longer known.

Explanation

During the Second World War, the...

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Tefillin in a velvet bag

Tefillin in a velvet bag

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Tefillin in a velvet bag
Year
1st half 20th century
Size
Het zakje: 23 x 15,5 cm, de riemen: 140 cm lengte
Inventorynumber
2066
Description

A red velvet bag containing tefillin (phylacteries): two boxes containing texts on parchments, attached to straps wound about the head and arm.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This tefillin set was entrusted to the museum by Louis de Beer, shamash of the local synagogue, for safekeeping.

Explanation

In May 1940, Louis...

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Mezuzah

Mezuzah

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Mezuzah
Year
c. 1850- c. 1900
Size
l. 15,5 cm, Ø 2 cm
Inventorynumber
2061
Description

Yellow wooden cylinder case divided into five segments from the doorpost of Louis de Beer at Markt no. 23 in Culemborg, containing a parchment inscribed with biblical verses from Deuteronomy 6: 4-9, known as the Shema.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This object was entrusted to the museum by Louis de Beer, shamash of the local synagogue, for safekeeping.

Explanation

In May 1940, Louis de...

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Sugar caster (possibly spice box)

Sugar caster (possibly spice box)

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Sugar caster (possibly spice box)
Year
1813-1850
Technique
Silver, assay mark 2
Size
l. 16,5 cm, Ø voet 4,3 cm, Ø buik 5,7 cm
Inventorynumber
23164
Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Westfries Museum

Investigation results

Conclusion

How this object was acquired by museum and who owner it before is no longer known.

Explanation

During the Second World War, the theft of Jewish...

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Torah mantle

Torah mantle

Artist/ Creator
Women and Girls of Culemborg Jewish Community
Title
Torah mantle
Year
1887
Technique
Textile
Size
h. 87 cm x b. 28 cm x d. 20 cm
Inventorynumber
2067
Description

Beige yellow mantle to cover a Torah scroll, trimmed above and below with a fringe and embroidered at the front in gold thread with a crown and a Hebrew text surrounded by foliage stating that the mantle was made by the women and girls of Culemborg Jewish community in 1887.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This Torah mantle was entrusted with the museum for safekeeping by Louis de Beer, the shamash (caretaker) of the local synagogue; the mantle belonged to Culemborg...

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Yad (pointer)

Yad (pointer)

Artist/ Creator
J. Frijthoff
Title
Yad (pointer)
Year
1817
Technique
Silver
Size
l. 27 cm
Inventorynumber
10220.a
Description

A small clip (I. Rosierse, Rotterdam, 1843) and a large clip (A. Jorning, Amsterdam, 1878) are attached to the pointer.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Nederlands Zilvermuseum Schoonhoven

Investigation results

Conclusion

During the Second World War, this yad (pointer) was deposited with Lippmann, Rosenthal & Co, the bank which carried out the theft of Jewish assets, in...

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Mizrach

Mizrach

Artist/ Creator
Levie David van Gelder
Title
Mizrach
Year
c. 1845
Technique
Lithograph on paper
Size
81,5 x 66,5 cm
Inventorynumber
HVK 10977, Schenkingsnr. 1992 V 332
Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Veenkoloniaal Museum

Investigation results

Conclusion

Who gave this mizrach to the museum and who the original owner was is no longer known.

Explanation

Although this mizrach was already in the...

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