Investigation into the provenance of museum collections in connection with the theft, confiscation and sale of objects under duress between 1933 and 1945.

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Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

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Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Herenstraat 29 4101 BR Culemborg www.museumculemborg.nl

Investigation results

This museum has 6 objects with a potentially problematic provenance.

Result of this investigation

Elisabeth Orphanage reports that apart from a few Jewish ritual objects, no of the items with problematic provenance were found in its investigation. The museum investigated its inventory lists, original inventory cards and minute books. The provenance of the Jewish ritual objects described in the investigation report of 1999 remains uncertain.

About this museum and its collection

The museum tells the history of the city and the orphanage which was once housed in the museum’s sixteenth-century building. Between 1928 and 1980, the museum was a historical house (oudheidkamer). Its collection includes paintings of counts and countesses of Culemborg and a triptych painted by Jan Deys in 1573. The museum also possesses Culemborg silverware from various churches.

Objects

Mezuzah

Mezuzah

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Mezuzah
Year
c. 1850- c. 1900
Size
l. 15,5 cm, Ø 2 cm
Inventorynumber
2061
Description

Yellow wooden cylinder case divided into five segments from the doorpost of Louis de Beer at Markt no. 23 in Culemborg, containing a parchment inscribed with biblical verses from Deuteronomy 6: 4-9, known as the Shema.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This object was entrusted to the museum by Louis de Beer, shamash of the local synagogue, for safekeeping.

Explanation

In May 1940, Louis de...

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Esther scroll

Esther scroll

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Esther scroll
Year
19th century
Technique
Parchment and wood
Size
l. 41 cm, Ø 4,5 cm
Inventorynumber
2063
Description

Parchment with text wound on a wooden stave

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This Esther scroll was entrusted with the museum for safekeeping by Louis de Beer, the shamash (caretaker) of the local synagogue; the scroll belonged to Culemborg...

more information

Esther scroll

Esther scroll

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Esther scroll
Year
19th century
Technique
Parchment and wood
Size
l. 47 cm, Ø 6,3 cm
Inventorynumber
2064
Description

Parchment with cloth backing, wound on a turned wooden stave.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This Esther scroll was entrusted with the museum for safekeeping by Louis de Beer, the shamash (caretaker) of the local synagogue; the scroll belonged to Culemborg...

more information

Esther scroll

Esther scroll

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Esther scroll
Year
19th century
Technique
Parchment and wood
Size
l. 31,5 cm, Ø 6,3 cm
Inventorynumber
2068
Description

Esther scroll with silk backing, in a cylinder decorated with red, yellow and black ribbon (colours of Culemborg city).

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This Esther scroll was entrusted with the museum for safekeeping by Louis de Beer, the shamash (caretaker) of the local synagogue; the scroll belonged to Culemborg...

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Tefillin in a velvet bag

Tefillin in a velvet bag

Artist/ Creator
Anonymous
Title
Tefillin in a velvet bag
Year
1st half 20th century
Size
Het zakje: 23 x 15,5 cm, de riemen: 140 cm lengte
Inventorynumber
2066
Description

A red velvet bag containing tefillin (phylacteries): two boxes containing texts on parchments, attached to straps wound about the head and arm.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This tefillin set was entrusted to the museum by Louis de Beer, shamash of the local synagogue, for safekeeping.

Explanation

In May 1940, Louis...

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Torah mantle

Torah mantle

Artist/ Creator
Women and Girls of Culemborg Jewish Community
Title
Torah mantle
Year
1887
Technique
Textile
Size
h. 87 cm x b. 28 cm x d. 20 cm
Inventorynumber
2067
Description

Beige yellow mantle to cover a Torah scroll, trimmed above and below with a fringe and embroidered at the front in gold thread with a crown and a Hebrew text surrounded by foliage stating that the mantle was made by the women and girls of Culemborg Jewish community in 1887.

Category
Jewish ritual objects
Museum
Museum Elisabeth Weeshuis

Investigation results

Conclusion

This Torah mantle was entrusted with the museum for safekeeping by Louis de Beer, the shamash (caretaker) of the local synagogue; the mantle belonged to Culemborg...

more information